• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Sakalava Weaver - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Saka; Sakalava Fody

Male in breeding plumage
Photo by Ronald B Davis
Reniala Forest, Ifaty, Madagascar, November 2015
Ploceus sakalava

Identification

15 cm

Male

  • Yellow head and upper breast, sharply demarcated from rest of plumage and reddish bare skin around eye in breeding plumage, grey head with pale pink bare skin around eye in non-breeding plumage
  • Grey-brown wings with dark centres and paler brown fringes in fresh plumage
  • Dark brown upperwing and tail with narrow paler edges on rectrices and remiges
  • Grey lower breast, belly and flanks, dull white undertail-coverts
  • Light blue-grey bill

Female

  • Grey head with paler greyish-buff lores, rusty cheek and long supercilium and rusty and grey double stripe between cheek and throat
  • Rest of plumage similar to male in non-breeding plumage but paler underparts, whitish throat and undertail-coverts

Juvenile

  • Similar to female but paler, especially on head
  • Pale horn-coloured bill

minor is very similar to nominate but slightly smaller.

Distribution

Endemic to Madagascar.
Common in parts of its range. Locals think that weavers nesting in their village is a sign of good fortune.

Taxonomy

Two subspecies recognized:

  • P. s. sakalava in northern and northwestern Madagascar
  • P. s. minor in western and southwestern Madagascar

Possibly forms a superspecies with Nelicourvi Weaver and has been considered conspecific with it.

Habitat

Dry forests and shrubland, often near human settlement. Occurs below 700 m, sometimes higher up.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on seeds but takes also insects and spiders, especially in breeding season.

Breeding

Breeding season may depend on local rainfall. Usually September to October in northern Madagascar and November to April in the western part. Breeding more irregular in the arid south.
A colonial breeder with 10 to 120 nests in a colony, up to 40 in a single tree. Primarly monogamous, some males may be polygynous. The nests are retort-shaped, the entrance extending into a 17 to 40 cm long tunnel. It's made from grass, leaf steams and strips of palm leaf. The nests are placed in a palm or a tree, 2 to 25 m above the ground, sometimes below the nest of a Pied Crow, a Black Kite, a Madagascar Buzzard or a Madagascar Fish Eagle. The nests can also be suspended from a thatched roof of a village house. Lays 2 to 4 eggs.
The nests are sometimes preyed on by Madagascar Harrier Hawk and are also used by Madagascar Munia.

Movements

Colonies are left after breeding, suggesting some local movements.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2016)

Recommended Citation

External Links

Top