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Sanford's Sea Eagle - BirdForum Opus


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Alternative names: Sanford's Fish Eagle; Solomon Islands Fish/Sea Eagle; Solomon Fish/Sea Eagle

Haliaeetus sanfordi

Identification

70–90 cm. Whitish brown to bright brown on the head and the neck. The underparts are tinged from brown to reddish brown and dark brown. The upperparts are coloured from darkish brown to grey black. The eyes are bright brown. This species has an entirely dark tail throughout its life.

Distribution

Solomon Islands

Taxonomy

Haliaeetus sanfordi is monotypic.

It has been proposed that this taxon be treated as a subspecies of White-bellied Sea Eagle H. leucogaster (BirdLife International, 2008, citing Debus, 2006).

Habitat

Coastal forests and lakes to an altitude of 1500m.

Status

Classified as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List (BirdLife International, 2008).

Behaviour

It breeds between August and October and 2 eggs are laid.

The diet includes tideline carrion, fish, molluscs, crabs, tortoises, and sea snakes.

References

BirdLife International (2008) Species factsheet: Haliaeetus sanfordi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 3/7/2008.

Debus, S. (2006) Taxonomic status of Sanford's Sea-eagle. Boobook 24: 8.

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