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Sangihe Pitta - BirdForum Opus

Erythropitta caeruleitorques

Identification

16 - 18cm.

  • Brownish-red top of head, brighter reddish on nape, rest of head brownish
  • Blue upper mantle
  • Dark green lower mantle and back
  • Blue rump and tail
  • Deep blue upperwing-coverts, black flight-feathers, variable small white spots on primaries
  • Black throat and upper breast
  • Broad glossy blue band across breast with black band below
  • Scarlet rest of underparts
  • Black bill

Females are duller and more green and less blue on breast. Juveniles are dull brown above and have a dull blue rump and tail. They are paler below, have a whitish throat and a dark brown breast with white spots.

Similar species

Generally paler than Sulawesi Pitta, with less blue on crown and only little or no black on breast.

Distribution

Found on Sangihe Island, northeast of Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
It was formerly included in Red-bellied Pitta.

Habitat

Lowland evergreen forest below 200 m. Also in secondary habitats.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on insects and their larvae, earthworms and some plant material.
Forages mainly on the ground.

Breeding

The domed nest is made of twigs and leaves, grass and ferns. It's mostly placed on the ground or low in scrub or a tree. Some nests were placed 10m above the ground. Lays 2 eggs.

Movements

Probably a sedentary species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2016. IOC World Bird Names (version 6.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and D Christie, eds. 2003. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334504

Recommended Citation

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