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Sapphire-throated Hummingbird

From Opus

Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
Photo by Cedric K Male on left, female on right. Location: Penonome, Panama.
Photo by Cedric K
Male on left, female on right. Location: Penonome, Panama.


[edit] Identification

Bill black except for lower mandible where basal half is reddish. Mostly metallic green to bright green with throat and upper breast violet-blue while tail is forked and dark blue. Female differs in having underparts mostly white with green flanks and tail that is white-tipped and have green central tail feathers.

[edit] Distribution

South-west Costa Rica (between the Osa Peninsula and the Panama border), Panama, and Colombia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • L.c. coeruleogularis - Pacific slope of sw Costa Rica and w Panama (Chiriquí to Canal Zone)
  • L.c. confinis - Caribbean slope and some of Pacific slope of e Panama (Darién) and adj. nw Colombia
  • L.c. coelina - N Colombia (n Chocó to Santa Marta region)

[edit] Habitat

Moist, open lowland forests, clearings, scrub, or mangrove, mostly within a few miles of the coast.

[edit] Behaviour

Mostly seen feeding rather low on flowers, often in scrubs, otherwise trees.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  3. Angher and Dean, The Birds of Panama
  4. HBWalive read March 2018

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