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Seaside Sparrow

From Opus

Ammodramus maritimus

Contents

[edit] Identification

JuvenilePhoto © by Stanley JonesAnahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, July 2018
Juvenile
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, July 2018

12·5–15 cm (5-6 in)

  • Brown upperparts
  • Grey crown and nape
  • Greyish-buff breast with dark streaks
  • Dark face
  • Long, narrow, conical bill
  • Grey cheeks
  • Small yellow streak just above the eye
  • White throat
  • Short pointed tail

Sexes similar

[edit] Distribution

Coastal eastern and gulf coast United States.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies fisheriPhoto © by Stanley JonesAnahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, USA, May 2018
Subspecies fisheri
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, USA, May 2018

This is a polytypic species consisting of 7 subspecies[1]:

  • A. m. maritimus:
  • A. m. macgillivraii:
  • Salt marshes from northern North Carolina to southern Georgia (formerly to northern Florida)
  • A. m. nigrescens: Dusky Sparrow
  • Salt marshes of eastern coastal and eastern Florida. Extinct
  • A. m. fisheri:
  • Marshes of Gulf Coast (San Antonio Bay to Alabama)
  • A. m. sennetti:
  • Marshes of Gulf Coast of southern Texas (Aransas County to Nueces Bay)
  • A. m. peninsulae:
  • Salt marshes of western Florida (Dixie County to Old Tampa Bay) and Gulf Coast of northern Florida (Escambia County to Taylor County)
  • A. m. mirabilis:
  • Marshes of south-western Florida (Everglades to Cape Sable)

[edit] Habitat

Salt marshes, both edges and interior. Likes the wettest and muddiest areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The construct an open cup nest on tidal reeds and spartina grasses. The clutch consists of 2-5 eggs.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of animal matter; such as marine insects, small snails and crabs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2016)

[edit] External Links

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