• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Northern Parula - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Setophaga americana)
Photo © by Paulyoly
Interlachen, Florida.
Setophaga americana

Parula americana


Photo © by bobsofpa
Magee Marsh, Ohio, USA, May 2009


  • Grey blue head and upperparts
  • Black lores
  • White eye-crescents
  • Olive back patch
  • 2 white wingbars
  • White tail-spots
  • White broken eye ring
  • Yellow legs
  • Throat and chest yellow with blackish-slate and rufous band across upper chest

Female: duller


Immature Female
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
High Island--Smith Oaks Sanctuary, Bolivar Peninsula, Texas, USA, 19 April 2021

Breeds in eastern North America (southern Canada to southern US). Migrating south to winter in east Mexico, reaching to the Caribbean and Nicaragua.


Photo © by DougLaslj
Michigan, USA, September 2008

This is a monotypic species[1].
Formerly placed in genus Parula.


Open woods; prefers woodlands with abundant tree lichens.



It nest in trees in clumps of these mosses, laying 3-7 eggs in a scantily-lined cup nest.


Diet includes insects and spiders.


Song: a click-like trill or buzz, zeeeeee-yip
Call: a soft chip


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2021) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/41062654 ]. Retrieved 18 June 2021
  3. USGS

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1