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Sharpe's Drongo - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by A. Louisios
Serengeti National Park, Tanzania, 23 June 2016
Dicrurus sharpei

Identification

Length 19 cm; mass 18-41 g.
Adult: Glossy black; tail almost square. The bill is black with a hooked tip, the eyes deep red, and the legs and feet are black. Similar to Common Square-tailed Drongo but differing in:

  • Blue vs green sheen in both sexes
  • All-dark vs white-tipped underwing-coverts in both sexes.
  • Female as glossy as male vs less glossy than male
  • Female close in size to male vs perceptibly smaller.
  • Almost squared-off vs more obviously forked tail in both sexes.

Similar species

Differs from Shining Drongo in significantly smaller size. Fork-tailed Drongo and Velvet-mantled Drongo are also bigger and have much more deeply forked tails. This species is also easily confused with the Southern Black Flycatcher as they are of a similar size. The Drongo, however, has a red (rather than brown)eye, a heavier bill, a different call, and is almost always found in the mid-stratum of forests (the Flycatcher prefers more open woodland).

Distribution

Central Africa, from Nigeria (east of the Niger River, south of the Benue River) east to Uganda, South Sudan, and western Kenya, and south to northwestern Angola and southeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Taxonomy

Monotypic[1]. Formerly included in Common Square-tailed Drongo.

Habitat

Forest edge, riparian forest, forest openings, second-growth, and mature forests.

Behaviour

Diet

Larger insects, including moths, locusts, beetles and termites. Hawks for insects from a perch.

Breeding

Hammock nest relatively small for a drongo made from large flakes of lichen, leaf petioles and dry plant stems attached to branches with cobweb. Clutch or 2 or 3 variably colored eggs incubated by both sexes.

Vocalisation

Similar to Common Square-tailed Drongo. Includes twanging and whistled notes; also mimics other calls.

Movements

Resident

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Rocamora, G. and D. Yeatman-Berthelot (2020). Sharpe's Drongo (Dicrurus sharpei), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (S. M. Billerman, B. K. Keeney, P. G. Rodewald, and T. S. Schulenberg, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.shadro1.01
  3. Fuchs, J., M. Douno, R. C. K. Bowie, and J. Fjeldså (2018). Taxonomic revision of the Square-tailed Drongo species complex (Passeriformes: Dicruridae) with description of a new species from western Africa. Zootaxa 4438:105–127. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4438.1.4

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