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Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush

From Opus

Photo © by Gerald FriesenWestern Andes slope, Ecuador, April, 2018
Photo © by Gerald Friesen
Western Andes slope, Ecuador, April, 2018
Catharus fuscater

Contents

[edit] Identification

17–19 cm (6¾-7½ in)
Above dark grey shading to slate-black on head, wings, and tail. Throat, breast, sides, and crissum slate-gray; centre of lower breast and belly white. Eye white. Eye-ring and bill orange, legs paler orange.

[edit] Variations

Photo © by Stanley JonesHeredia Province, Costa Rica, February 2014
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Heredia Province, Costa Rica, February 2014

The above description fits subspecies hellmayri from western Panama and Costa Rica; underside varies quite a bit on different subspecies but all have the pale eye.

[edit] Distribution

Costa Rica to western Panama and from eastern Panama to North West Venezuela, North Colombia, and Bolivia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Seven subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • C. f. hellmayri:
  • C. f. mirabilis:
  • Extreme eastern Panama (Mount Pirre)
  • C. f. fuscater:
  • C. f. sanctaemartae:
  • Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia)
  • C. f. opertaneus:
  • West Andes of Colombia (Antioquia)
  • C. f. caniceps:
  • Andes of northern and central Peru
  • C. f. mentalis:
  • Andes of extreme south-eastern Peru (Puno) and north-wester Bolivia (La Paz)

[edit] Habitat

Mostly on or near ground in wet mountain forest.

[edit] Behaviour

They hop bouncily, stops and stands pertly, nervously flicking wings.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects, sowbugs, spiders and earthworms; they also eat a lot of berries and fruit. They forage mostly on the ground up to eye-level for fruits.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)

[edit] External Links

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