- Catharus fuscater
17â€“19 cm (6Â¾-7Â½ in)
Above dark grey shading to slate-black on head, wings, and tail. Throat, breast, sides, and crissum slate-gray; centre of lower breast and belly white. Eye white. Eye-ring and bill orange, legs paler orange.
The above description fits subspecies hellmayri from western Panama and Costa Rica; underside varies quite a bit on different subspecies but all have the pale eye.
Costa Rica to western Panama and from eastern Panama to North West Venezuela, North Colombia, and Bolivia.
Seven subspecies are recognized:
- Extreme eastern Panama (Mount Pirre)
- Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia)
- West Andes of Colombia (Antioquia)
- Andes of northern and central Peru
- Andes of extreme south-eastern Peru (Puno) and north-wester Bolivia (La Paz)
Mostly on or near ground in wet mountain forest.
They hop bouncily, stops and stands pertly, nervously flicking wings.
Their diet consists of insects, sowbugs, spiders and earthworms; they also eat a lot of berries and fruit. They forage mostly on the ground up to eye-level for fruits.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)
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