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Song Wren

From Opus

Adult, subspecies lawrenciiPhoto by PanamaHarpyPipeline Road near Quebrada Juan Grande, Panama, April 2016
Adult, subspecies lawrencii
Photo by PanamaHarpy
Pipeline Road near Quebrada Juan Grande, Panama, April 2016
Cyphorhinus phaeocephalus


[edit] Identification

13–15 cm (5-6 in)

  • Large white area around eye
  • Chestnut face, throat and chin

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America:
Central America: Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama
South America: Colombia and Ecuador

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Juvenile, subspecies lawrenciiPhoto by Gerald FriesenGamboa Region, Panama, February 2014
Juvenile, subspecies lawrencii
Photo by Gerald Friesen
Gamboa Region, Panama, February 2014

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. p. richardsoni:
  • C. p. infuscatus:
  • Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica and extreme north-western Panama
  • C. p. lawrencii:
  • C. p. propinquus:
  • Tropical lowlands of north-western Colombia (BolĂ­var and Santander)
  • C. p. phaeocephalus:
  • Pacific lowlands of south-western Colombia to western Ecuador (south to El Oro)

[edit] Habitat

They are to be found in humid lowland forests and wet secondary growth at heights from sea-leve to 700 m. Occaionally to 1000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet seems to consist entirely of small insects and spiders which are gleaned on or near the ground.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2016)

[edit] External Links


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