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Southern Brown-throated Weaver

From Opus

Photo ©  by the late Jan Van den Broeck St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Photo © by the late Jan Van den Broeck
St Lucia, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Ploceus xanthopterus


[edit] Identification

Photo © by Peter DaySt Lucia, Cape Town, South Africa, January 2019
Photo © by Peter Day
St Lucia, Cape Town, South Africa, January 2019

15 cm (6 in)
Breeding adult male: Bright yellow with a chestnut face, and throat; chestnut does not extend onto the forecrown (as it does in Northern Brown-throated Weaver, Rueppell's Weaver and Cape Weaver). The eyes are dull reddish brown.

[edit] Distribution

Western Africa: occurs only in Angola
Eastern Africa: Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Ploceus xanthopterus has three subspecies:[1]

  • P. x. castaneigula
  • P. x. xanthopterus
  • P. x. marleyi

[edit] Habitat

Forest and scrub; breeds in reedbeds.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of seeds, berries, flowers and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

A soft zweek, zweek and a swizzling song.

[edit] Breeding

Polygynous and territorial. Males may breed singly or in colonies of up to 300 nests. Builds a rather untidy nest over water in reedbeds; the nest has no entrance tube. Two to three eggs are incubated for 14-17 days by the female. The nestling period is 14-19 days; young are fed by the female only.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  3. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  4. Avibase
  5. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2019)

[edit] External Links


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