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Spectacled Owl

From Opus

Photo by Mark HarperPhoto taken: Jorupe, Ecuador
Photo by Mark Harper
Photo taken: Jorupe, Ecuador
Pulsatrix perspicillata

Includes: Short-browed Owl


[edit] Identification

Length 46 cm; weight 850 g

  • Brown upperparts, head and upper breast
  • White facial markings
  • Buff underparts
  • Yellow eyes
  • Pale bill

Juvenile: completely white, apart from a chocolate brown facial disc

[edit] Distribution

It is a resident breeder from southern Mexico and Trinidad south to W Ecuador, Bolivia and north-western Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are six subspecies:

  • P. p. saturata:
  • Southern Mexico (Veracruz and Oaxaca) to western Panama (Chiriquí)
JuvenilePhoto by erikatAdeK University, Uitvlucht (Paramaribo), Suriname, June 2007
Photo by erikat
AdeK University, Uitvlucht (Paramaribo), Suriname, June 2007
  • P. p. chapmani:
  • P. p. perspicillata:
  • P. p. trinitatis:
  • P. p. boliviana:
  • P. p. pulsatrix:

Pulsatrix is sometimes considered a full species, Short-browed Owl.

[edit] Habitat

Dense forest, but hunts in the semi-open and savanna with large trees, also in clearings and along forest edges.

[edit] Behaviour

This is nocturnal species of mature forests.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is an unlined tree cavity, laying two white eggs.

[edit] Diet

It preys on mammals (up to 90% of its food by mass); in addition, it utilizes a variety of other food sources including other vertebrates and invertebrates. Among birds, it will also take smaller owls.

[edit] Vocalisation

The call is a deep hooting BOO Boo boo boo boo becoming softer and faster.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. König, C. and F. Weick 2008. Owls of the World, second edition. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 978-0-7136-6548-2
  3. Owl
  4. A food study

[edit] External Links


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