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Spectacled Weaver - BirdForum Opus

Male
Photo © by Alan Manson
Umhlanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, July 2007
Ploceus ocularis

Identification

Female
Photo © by rudydbn
Illovo Glen, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, July 2005

Length 15-16 cm, mass 30 g. Sexually dimorphic plumage; no seasonal variation.
Brown forehead and crown with black line (spectacle) througth the eye. Upper parts olive green, and flight feathers olive brown with yellowish margins. Underparts golden-yellow, except for the black chin, throat and bib (in adult males) or chestnut-washed throat and upper chest (some females).

Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa: Cameroon to Ethiopia, and south to South Africa.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Three subspecies[1]:

  • P. o. ocularis:
  • P. o. crocatus:
    • male has a yellower head, and smaller bib than nominate race
  • P. o. suahelicus:
  • from eastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique north of the Limpopo to Malawi, eastern Zambia, eastern Tanzania and coastal Kenya
    • smaller than nominate race, male washed golden brown.

Habitat

Well-wooded areas with thick cover, but avoids forest interior.

Behaviour

Resident in pairs with up to three young, remaining in their home range throughout the year.

Diet

Forages in foliage and bark for invertebrates, berries, fruit and nectar.

Vocalisation

Inconspicuous, often located by the call, a loud decending tee-tee-tee-tee.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

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