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Splendid Sunbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by d.flack
Brufort Woods, The Gambia, March 2018
Cinnyris coccinigastrus

Nectarinia coccinigaster

Identification

Juvenile
Photo by whiteheadedvulture
Accra, Ghana, December 2016

13–14 cm (5-5½ in); a medium-large sunbird with a fairly long decurved bill.
The adult male is very dark, having a metallic dark green mantle, back & inner wing with and a glossy dark blue rump. The chin and throat are metallic violet transforming to metallic scarlet on the breast.
Adult females are dark grey above, pale grey over the throat and have a yellow wash on the belly which is streaked grey.
Immatures are like the adult female but with blackish areas around the throat. The young males progressively develop metallic colouration initially from the chin area and on the inner wings.

Distribution

West and central tropical Africa: found from Senegal to Sierra Leone, east to southern Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and south-western South Sudan; non-breeding visitor to north-eastern Gabon.


Taxonomy

This is one of the many Sunbirds that have recently been moved to the genus Cinnyris from the genus Nectarinia.

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Wet savanna and woodland with Oil Palms Elaeis guineensis.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of nectar, seeds, spiders and insects, hawking for flying ants and termites.

Breeding

They lay 1-2 eggs in an oval suspended nest in a tree.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)
  3. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

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