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Spotted Crake

From Opus

Photo by pavlikSaratov oblast, Russia, May 2003
Photo by pavlik
Saratov oblast, Russia, May 2003
Porzana porzana


[edit] Identification

22–24 cm (8½-9½ in)

  • Mottled brown upperparts
  • Bluish-grey face underparts with brown bars and white spots
  • Greyish face and crown
  • White spots on chest
  • White fore-edge on wing
  • Short bill with red base and yellow tip
ImmaturePhoto by Florian AndronacheRomania
Photo by Florian Andronache
  • Buff patch under tail
  • Green legs

[edit] Distribution

Breeds throughout the Palearctic region; winters Mediterranean areas to southern Africa and South-east Asia.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Freshwater wetlands with shallow water and dense vegetation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight

Short distances of fluttery flight action.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes aquatic invertebrates, insects, snails, worms, small fish and plant materials.

[edit] Breeding

Photo by andy hoodBrandon Marsh, Warwickshire, April 2011
Photo by andy hood
Brandon Marsh, Warwickshire, April 2011

They nest in a dry location in marsh vegetation, laying 6-15 eggs.They are Monogamous during the breeding season and very territorial.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)
  3. RSPB Bird guide
  4. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3

[edit] External Links


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