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Spotted Crake - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by pavlik
Saratov oblast, Russia, May 2003
Porzana porzana

Identification

22–24 cm (8½-9½ in)

  • Mottled brown upperparts
  • Bluish-grey face underparts with brown bars and white spots
  • Greyish face and crown
  • White spots on chest
  • White fore-edge on wing
  • Short bill with red base and yellow tip
Immature
Photo © by Florian Andronache
Romania
  • Buff patch under tail
  • Green legs

Distribution

Breeds throughout the Palearctic region; winters Mediterranean areas to southern Africa and South-east Asia.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Freshwater wetlands with shallow water and dense vegetation.

Behaviour

Flight

Short distances of fluttery flight action.

Diet

The diet includes aquatic invertebrates, insects, snails, worms, small fish and plant materials.

Breeding

Photo © by andy hood
Brandon Marsh, Warwickshire, April 2011

They nest in a dry location in marsh vegetation, laying 6-15 eggs.They are Monogamous during the breeding season and very territorial.

Vocalisation

<flashmp3>Porzana porzana (song).mp3</flashmp3>
Listen in an external program

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)
  3. RSPB Bird guide
  4. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3

Recommended Citation

External Links


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