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Spotted Crake - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by pavlik
Saratov oblast, Russia, May 2003
Porzana porzana


22–24 cm (8½-9½ in)

  • Mottled brown upperparts
  • Bluish-grey face underparts with brown bars and white spots
  • Greyish face and crown
  • White spots on chest
  • White fore-edge on wing
  • Short bill with red base and yellow tip
Photo © by Florian Andronache
  • Buff patch under tail
  • Green legs


Breeds throughout the Palearctic region; winters Mediterranean areas to southern Africa and South-east Asia.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Freshwater wetlands with shallow water and dense vegetation.



Short distances of fluttery flight action.


The diet includes aquatic invertebrates, insects, snails, worms, small fish and plant materials.


Photo © by andy hood
Brandon Marsh, Warwickshire, April 2011

They nest in a dry location in marsh vegetation, laying 6-15 eggs.They are Monogamous during the breeding season and very territorial.


<flashmp3>Porzana porzana (song).mp3</flashmp3>
Listen in an external program


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)
  3. RSPB Bird guide
  4. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3

Recommended Citation

External Links