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Spotted Forktail - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies
Photo by Alok Tewari
Distt. Nainital, Alt. 5000ft., Uttarakhand Himalayas, India, October-2015
Enicurus maculatus


26 cm (10¼ in)

  • Black and white plumage
  • White spots on mantle
  • Long tail

Similar Species

White-crowned Forktail


Asia: found in Afghanistan, China, Tibet, Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western [Himalayas]], Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar and Vietnam



There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • E. m. maculatus:
  • E. m. guttatus:
  • Himalayas of extreme eastern Nepal to south-western China and Myanmar
  • E. m. bacatus:
  • Mountains of southern China (south-eastern Yunnan and north-western Fujian) to northern Vietnam
  • E. m. robinsoni:
    South Vietnam (Da Lat Plateau)


Small upland rocky streams and rivulets.



They pick insects, larvae and molluscs from stones along mountain streams. They also eat caterpillars and other insects such as craneflies


Call: apparently a beautiful loud whistle


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2015)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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