Alternative name: Eastern Spotted Dove
[ edit] Identification
Length 27Â·5â€“30 cm (10Â¾-11Â¾ in), weight 120-130 g
Pale brown back, wings and tail, heavily spotted with buff
Blackish flight feathers bordered on the inner edge with pale grey
Pink head and underparts
Pale grey face and lower belly
Black neck patch finely spotted with white
Sexes are similar
Juveniles are duller than adults often lacking the patchy neckband when very immature.
[ edit] Distribution
Asia from Nepal, India and Sri Lanka east to south China and Southeast Asia.
It has been introduced to
Australia and New Zealand, several Pacific Ocean islands, and parts of the United States (abundant in Hawaii, local in California).
[ edit] Taxonomy
This species has recently been transferred, with its closest relative the
Laughing Dove, to the genus by several authorities following the studies of Johnson et al. (2001) Spilopelia   .
[ edit] Subspecies
Indian Spotted Dove
S. c. suratensis
Mysore, India; 18 October 2010
Three subspecies are recognised:
Some suggest that
S. c. suratensis may be better treated as a distinct species ; it differs in much more strongly marked wing coverts.
[ edit] Habitat
Open woodland, farmland and habitation.
[ edit] Behaviour
They are fairly terrestrial, foraging on the ground in grasslands and cultivation.
S. c. suratensis
, courting pair
Hill Station Kasauli, Alt. 1927 metres, Himachal Pradesh,
[ edit] Breeding
They breed throughout the year. Their round with stick nests are found in trees, edge of buildings or on the ground. The clutch consists of 2 glossy white eggs.
The diet is not too well recorded but is known to include grass and herb seeds, grains and small fruit.
[ edit] Vocalisation
Call: a repeated sequence of coos
Listen in an external program
One individual giving two types of calls. Recorded in late afternoon. Occasional calls by Purple Sunbird and Common Myna.
[ edit] References
Johnson, K. P. et al. (2001). A molecular phylogeny of the dove genera Streptopelia and Columba. The Auk 118 (4): 874â€“887.
Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2015)
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
[ edit] External Links