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Streaked Flycatcher

From Opus

Photo by Pantanal1Chapada dos GuimarĂ£es, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Photo by Pantanal1
Chapada dos GuimarĂ£es, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Myiodynastes maculatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

19·5–23 cm (7¾-9 in) long; weighs 43 g. The head is brown with a yellow crown patch, usually concealed; dusky eye mask and a white supercilium. Upperparts are brown with darker brown streaks on the back. Wings have rufous and white edges; tail and rump have chestnut edges. Underparts are yellowish-white, with marked brown streaks. Sexes similar. Juvenile birds have brown coloring where the adults are black.

[edit] Variation

Rear view by Robert ScanlonLocation: Arrecifes, Tayrona NP, Colombia
Rear view by Robert Scanlon
Location: Arrecifes, Tayrona NP, Colombia

Southernmost breeders have blacker streaks on upperparts and tail mainly blackish, while the majority of the range has tail mainly rufous. Central American breeders yellower in face and more olivaceous above.

[edit] Similar species

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher has a stronger malar, about as strong as the black through the eye, black chin, and often bigger flesh-colored area at base of lower mandible.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds from Mexico and Trinidad & Tobago south to Bolivia and Argentina.

The northernmost subspecies M. m. insolens migrates south to South America in northern winter, while the southern subspecies M. m. solitarius, migrates to the Guianas and Venezuela from March to September.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Seven subspecies are recognized:[1]

[edit] Habitat

Edges of forests and cocoa plantations.

[edit] Behaviour

Typical flycatcher, perching on branch or twig and sallying forth to catch flying insects.

[edit] Diet

As well as flying insects they also eat small lizards, and berries.

[edit] Breeding

Nests in a tree hollow or bromeliad plant, building a cup-shaped nest of twigs and grasses. Female builds the nest and lays 2-3 eggs, which are creamy-white with red-brown spots. Incubation is 16-17 days, and both parents feed the young, which fledge in 18-21 d

[edit] Vocalisation

Has a noisy sqEEE-zip call. ays.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ridgely and Tudor 2009. Field guide to the songbirds of South America - The Passerines. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-71979-8

[edit] External Links

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