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Striated Starling - BirdForum Opus

Adult male, nominate subspecies
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Kuto Bay, Isle of Pines, New Caledonia, 23 September 2019
Aplonis striata

Identification

Adult female, nominate subspecies
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Kuto Bay, Isle of Pines, New Caledonia, 23 September 2019

18 cm (7 in)

  • Male is larger
  • Black with violet gloss on head
  • Chin and throat black with green gloss
  • Breast and belly feathers black tipped turquoise-green
  • Blackish-brown rump and back
  • Dull dark brown wings and tail
  • Matt black lower belly and undertail-coverts
  • Eye varies from red to orange-yellow
  • Heavy black bill
  • Metallic blue legs
  • In flight, appears fairly round-winged and short-tailed
  • Female is smaller
  • Uniform mousy-grey
  • Darker on lores, wings and tail
  • Slightly streaked on throat
  • Paler on lower breast to undertail-coverts
  • Reddish eyes
  • Juvenile is similar to female but has browner eye.

Similar Species

Differs from South Melanesian Cuckooshrike and New Caledonian Cuckooshrike by orange or red eye, short tail and uniform glossy black or grey plumage. Male differs from Island Thrush by blackish legs and bill.

Variations

A. s. atronitens, endemic to Ouvéa, Lifou and Maré, has larger bill, male has more green gloss on head and female is darker, sometimes much darker grey with greenish gloss.

Distribution

Endemic to New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands. Common and widespread in its small range.

Taxonomy

Genus name sometimes given as Aplornis.

Subspecies

This is a polytypic species. Two subspecies recognized[1].

  • A. s. striata: Forests of New Caledonia
  • A. s. atronitens: Loyalty Islands

Habitat

Forested areas including forest edge, clearings, and savanna and gardens; also nearby coconut plantations and second growth; also in villages.

Behaviour

Actions

Pairs and flocks of up to 25 birds forage at all levels in the forest. Occasionally on the ground where they break snails against rocks. More often flying fast through the canopy, and perching on exposed tree-tops.

Diet

Feeds on fruits (papaya, wild tomatoes, pepper) and insects.

Breeding

Breeding season from December to January. The nest is a platform made of twigs, placed in a hole in a tree.

Vocalisation

Noisy. Calls include loud clear thin whistles, often sharper and more metallic in flight. Song is rushed and includes clear clicks, squeaks and fluid warbles.

Movements

Presumably a resident species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
  3. Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Striated Starling (Aplonis striata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60841 on 3 December 2019).
  4. Dutson, G. (2011) Birds of Melanesia, Christopher Helm, London.

Recommended Citation

External Links

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