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Sulawesi Myzomela

From Opus

Alternative names: Sulawesi Honeyeater; Celebes Honeyeater; Celebes Myzomela

Myzomela chloroptera
MalePhoto  ©  by Darwin1601Tomohon/Sulawesi, Indonesia, December, 2018
Male
Photo © by Darwin1601
Tomohon/Sulawesi, Indonesia, December, 2018

Contents

[edit] Identification

9-11.5 cm. A distinctive and striking Myzomela.

[edit] Male

  • Scarlet-red head, neck, breast and mantle to uppertail-coverts, forming stripe down centre of upperbody
  • Black scapulars, wing and tail
  • Narrow black loral stripe extending around eye and behind eye
  • Pale grey-brown to greyish-white flanks, belly, vent and undertail-coverts with olive-yellow wash on centre of belly
  • juga with brownish-black scapulars, wing and tail and without yellowish wash on belly
  • eva with slight yellowish tinge on belly
  • batjanensis with darker red plumage, confined to throat on underparts

[edit] Female

  • Drab brown above, more rufous brown on rump
  • Darker sepia-brown tail and wings, conspicuously edged yellowish-olive on flight-feathers and primary-coverts
  • Flame-red forehead, lores, frontal part of ear-coverts, chin and upper throat, merging into light brownish grey on rest of head and breast
  • Whitish buff rest of underparts

Juveniles similar to females.

[edit] Distribution

Sulawesi and adjacent islands, Indonesia.
Common to scarce in its range. Common in Lore Lindu National Park.

[edit] Taxonomy

Four to five subspecies recognized:

  • M. c. chloroptera in northern Sulawesi (Mountains of Minahassa Peninsula)
  • M. c. charlottae in the mountains of central and southeast Sulawesi - often merged with nominate subspecies
  • M. c. juga on Mount Lompobattang (southwest Sulawesi)
  • M. c. eva on Salayar, Tanahjampea and Sula Islands
  • M. c. batjanensis on Bacan (northern Moluccas)

Birds from Talabu possibly represent an as yet undescribed subspecies.

[edit] Habitat

Primary montane forest and tall secondary forest, possibly also in mangroves.
Occurs mainly in mountains but extends to lowlands. 700-2400 m on Sulawesi, above 800m on Taliabu, mainly 1500-2200 m on Bacan.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on nectar from flowers.
Forages in flowering trees, flowering mistletoes and parasitic shrubs in canopy and upper middle storey.
Usually seen singly, in pairs or in small groups, often in mixed-species flocks on Taliabu.

[edit] Breeding

No information available.

[edit] Movements

Some food-related movements possible.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553453

[edit] External Links

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