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Swainson's Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Leon
Pilansberg, South Africa, January 2004

Alternative name: Swainson's Spurfowl

Pternistis swainsonii

Francolinus swainsonii

Identification

Juvenile
Photo © by mikemik
Serengeti National Park, Tanzania, May 2018

Male 38 cm (15 in), female 33 cm (13 in)

Similar Species

Red-necked Francolin

Distribution

Western, Eastern and Southern Africa:
Westrn Africa: Angola
Eastern Africa: Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland

Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.

Subspecies

Pternistis swainsonii has two subspecies[1]:

Habitat

Woodlands, brushlands and farmlands. Preferring dense grassland near grain fields; never far from water.

Behaviour

Diet

They have a varied diet, consisting of bulbs, tubers and roots, seeds, berries and grass; with the addition of some spiders and insects, including locusts, ticks and beetles.

Breeding

The breeding season is related to the rainfall.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2018)

Recommended Citation

External Links


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