- Catharus ustulatus
16â€“20 cm (6Â¼-7Â¾ in)
- Brown upperparts (olive-brown on Eastern birds, reddish-brown on Western birds)
- White underparts
- Brown flanks
- Lighter brown breast with darker spots
- Pink legs
- Light brown eye ring
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Wildsumaco Lodge, Napo Province, Ecuador, January 2016
Breeds virtually throughout North America from Alaska to California. Wintering in the West Indies, and Central and South America from Mexico to Argentina.
Six subspecies are recognised:
- Breeds in California (coast ranges east to the west slope of the Sierra Nevada); winters from north-western Mexico south to Nicaragua
- Breeds in central and eastern Alaska and north-western Canada (south to northern British Columbia and north central Alberta); winters in South America (Colombia to Peru)
- Breeds from western Canada (British Columbia and Alberta) south to Great Basin region and north central and north-eastern northern United States (north of the range of appalachiensis) and east to eastern Canada; winters from Panama south to Bolivia and north-western Argentina
Coniferous and mixed woodland. Douglas fir on coasts.
Their diet consists mostly of invertebrates and fruit.
They build a cup nest on a horizontal tree branch.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2016)
- BF Member observations
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