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Syrian Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Dendrocopos syriacus
Photo by Gabriel Rasson
Panorama, Greece, April 2004

Identification

23-25cm

  • Glossy black upperparts
  • Crimson spot on nape
  • White sides of face and neck
  • Large white shoulder patch
  • Flight feathers barred black and white
  • Buff underparts
Female
Photo by Cristian Mihai
Bucharest, Romania, October 2007
  • Red undertail coverts
  • Black bill
  • Greenish-grey legs

Female: lacks crimson nape patch

Similar Species

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Distribution

Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia
Eastern Europe: Austria, Belarus, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Slovakia, Hungary, Balkans, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: found only in Egypt
Middle East: Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: found only in Russia

Taxonomy

Immature
Photo by joska
Odorheiu Secuiesc, Romania, July 2008

This is a monotypic species[1].

Two subspecies, transcaucasicus and milleri are not recognised by most authorities[1].

Habitat

Forests, open woodland, scrubland, parks and gardens.

Behaviour

Diet

Includes insects, moths, beetles and larvae; when insects are scarce they eat seeds and berries.

Breeding

Female
Photo by Pavel
Shabla, Bulgaria, February 2006

A 5cm nesting hole is bored into soft wood and the chamber is lined with woodchips. The clutch consists of 11 cream-colored eggs.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

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