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Great Antshrike

From Opus

(Redirected from Taraba major semifasciatus)
Photo © by Rogerio Araújo DiasNiquelândia, Brazil
Photo © by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Niquelândia, Brazil
Taraba major

Contents

[edit] Identification

19–20 cm (7½-7¾ in)
They have a heavy hooked bill, a crest and a bright red iris.
The male is black above with two white wing-bars and underparts are white.
Female is rufous where the male is black.

[edit] Variations

FemalePhoto © by bievreJJItapira, SP, Brazil, August 2018
Female
Photo © by bievreJJ
Itapira, SP, Brazil, August 2018

Several of the subspecies are distinct both in plumage and voice (Restall 2006)

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America: found from Mexico through Central America, and South America to northern Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

Differences in plumage and voice indicate there could be more than one species involved; Restall indicates that such distinctions should be drawn between birds east and west of the Andes, but also between subspecies granadensis and semifasciatus.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 10 subspecies[1]:

  • T. m. melanocrissus: Caribbean slope of south-eastern Mexico (San Luis Potosí) to western Panama
  • T. m. obscurus: Western Costa Rica to Panama and northern Colombia
  • T. m. transandeanus: Coastal south-western Colombia to western Ecuador and north-western Peru (Tumbes)
  • T. m. granadensis: Caribbean slope of northern Colombia to north-western Venezuela
  • T. m. semifasciatus: Extreme eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela, the Guianas, northern and eastern Brazil
  • T. m. duidae: Tepuis of south-eastern Venezuela (Mount Duida)
  • T. m. melanurus: South-eastern Colombia to eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru and south-western Amazonian Brazil)
  • T. m. borbae: South-central Amazonian Brazil (Rio Purús to Rio Madeira)
  • T. m. stagurus: North-eastern Brazil (eastern Maranhão to Pernambuco and Espiríto Santo)
  • T. m. major: Eastern Bolivia to south-central Brazil, western Paraguay and northern Argentina

[edit] Habitat

Dense undergrowth and tangly thickets in clearings and forest borders.

[edit] Behaviour

Makes sudden tail movements while singing.

[edit] Diet

A varied diet of insects, invertebrates, lizards and frogs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2014)
  4. Restall et all 2006 Birds of Northern South America ISBN 9780300108620
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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