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Three-wattled Bellbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Coati
Finca Lerida, Chiriqui, Panama, April 2011
Procnias tricarunculatus


Juvenile male
Photo © by darwin1601
Monteverde, Costa Rica, April 2019

25 cm-30 cm (9¾-11¾ in) female smaller than male

  • Chestnut brown body, tail, and wings
  • White head
  • Black eye-ring, eye-stripe, and bill
  • Three worm-like wattles of skin hang from the base of the bill; they can be 10 cm, and the middle of the three can be erected into an upright position


  • Less striking in appearance
  • Golden-brown across the back of the wings and tail
  • White streaking on the face
  • Buffy-streaked throat
  • Golden-brown streaking down the chest
  • Pale-gray undertail coverts


Breeds Nicaragua to western Panama; non-breeding visitor to Honduras1.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Mature wet forest, in highlands during summer and lower on Caribbean side in rest of year2.



Their main diet consists of fruit, particularly from laurels.


The female constructs the nest.


Delivers a distinctive, very loud "bonk" sound at regular intervals from a favorite perch at the top of the canopy. This can be heard for a considerable distance, and is a characteristic sound of the rain forest of Central America in the regions where it survives.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Howell & Webb, 1995. A guide to the birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198540124
  3. Ridgely & Gwynne 1989. Birds of Panama. Princeton Paperbacks. ISBN 0691025126
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2019)

Recommended Citation

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