• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
Feel the intensity, not your equipment. Maximum image quality. Minimum weight. The new ZEISS SFL, up to 30% less weight than comparable competitors.

Tit-Hylia - BirdForum Opus

Alternative names: Tit-weaver; Tiny Tit-weaver

Pholidornis rushiae

Identification

7.5 cm. A tiny, short-tailed bird with a small, slightly decurved bill.

  • Dark brown head, neck, mantle, scapulars and upper back, feathers fringd light grey-buff giving streaked appearance
  • Yellow lower back, rump and uppertail-coverts, slightly washed olive
  • Dark brown upperwing, feathers edged pale greyish-buff
  • Blackish-brown tail
  • Greyish-white chin to breast, streaked dusky, streaks merging with darker upperparts
  • Dull yellow underparts from breast downwards, slightly washed olive and dusky-streaked on flanks and ventral area
  • Orange-brown to reddish-brown or red eyes
  • Blackish bill, yellow at base of lower mandible
  • Bright yellow legs

Females similar to males, but with pale grey-brown or creamy eyes.
Juveniles are browner and more uniform. Their streaking is lighter.

Distribution

Western and Central Africa.
Not uncommon in its range but only infrequently seen as difficulte to locate in forest canopy.

Taxonomy

Four subspecies recognized:

Has been placed in several families and exact taxonomic placement still unclear.

Habitat

Moist lowland forests. Often at forest edge and in clearings, also gardens and plantations with some large trees.
Occurs from sea-level up to 1200m.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on insects. Takes also some small seeds.
Forages in the canopy, occasionally lower. Usually in small groups of up to seven birds, flying from tree to tree. Often in mistletoe clumps and vine tangles.

Breeding

Breeding season differs through range, probably November to April in West Africa. A monogamous species, maybe also a co-operative breeder. The nest is rather large for such a small bird. It's a ball made of soft plant materials, placed 3 to 20m above the ground, strongly bound to a branch or a mass of twigs. Lays 2 eggs.

Movements

No movements known, probably a sedentary species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2008. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13: Penduline-tits to Shrikes. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553453

Recommended Citation

External Links

Top