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Toco Toucan

From Opus

Photo © by Pantanal1Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Photo © by Pantanal1
Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Brazil
Ramphastos toco

Contents

[edit] Identification

Photo © by bievreJJFazenda Bacury, Sao Paulo, Brazil, September 2017
Photo © by bievreJJ
Fazenda Bacury, Sao Paulo, Brazil, September 2017

55-65cm (21¾-25½ in)

  • Black body
  • White throat, chest and uppertail coverts
  • Red undertail coverts
  • Blue skin around the eye encircled by bare, orange skin
  • Bill
    • Very large
    • Yellowish-orange (reddish-orange on lower mandible and culmen)
    • Black base
    • Large black spot on the tip

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized:[1]

[edit] Habitat

Semi-open woodland, savanna, and areas with scattered trees, plantations, forest-edge and wooded gardens. It is mainly a species of lowlands, up to 1750 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes fruit, insects, and bird eggs and nestlings. However, fruit seems the major source of energy. It seems to prefer lipid rich fruits when available but is able to survive most of the year by eating fruits of figs.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a cavity high in a tree, excavated by the parents. It also nests in holes in earth-banks and termite-nests. The 2-4 eggs are incubated by both adults for 17-18 days.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Ragusa-Netto 2010. Ornitologia Neotropical 21:59-70
  3. Avibase
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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