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Forest Kingfisher

From Opus

Adult male, nominate racePhoto © by Peter DayKadadu Northern Territory, Australia, 30 May 2015
Adult male, nominate race
Photo © by Peter Day
Kadadu Northern Territory, Australia, 30 May 2015
Todiramphus macleayii

Todirhamphus macleayii, Halcyon macleayii

Contents

[edit] Identification

20cm (8 in)
A black, white and two-toned blue kingfisher distinguished by large white lore spots between bill and eye.
Males have a broad white collar, but females have an incomplete white collar broken by blue hind-neck.
Juveniles have buffy lore spots and flanks.
Shows a conspicuous white wing patch in flight.

[edit] Similar Species

FemalePhoto © by macdocTropical Australia, 19 April 2013
Female
Photo © by macdoc
Tropical Australia, 19 April 2013

The black mask and white collar are similar to Mangrove Kingfisher, Sacred Kingfisher, or Red-backed Kingfisher but Mangrove and Sacred are olive-green above and Red-backed has an orange rump.

[edit] Distribution

[edit] Taxonomy

Was previously Halcyon macleayii. The Sibley-Monroe spelling of the scientific name (Todirhamphus macleayii) is incorrect. Clements and Howard & Moore both use Todiramphus macleayii. More details in this discussion.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • T. m. elisabeth:
  • T. m. macleayii (insularis):
  • T. m. incinctus :

[edit] Habitat

Subspecies incinctusPhoto © by MzunguEmerald, Queensland, November 2019
Subspecies incinctus
Photo © by Mzungu
Emerald, Queensland, November 2019

Marshes, open lowland forest and forest edges roadsides, wetlands, watercourses, vegetation, cane fields.

[edit] Behaviour

They are often seen sitting on power lines.

[edit] Diet

Diet consists mostly of insects including grasshoppers, stick-insects, cockroaches, and beetles. Also spiders, frogs, tadpoles and lizards.

[edit] Breeding

Nests usually excavated in arboreal termitaria, but may use natural tree hollows. A short entrace burrow leads to a larger egg chamber. Clutch is three to six eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Includes high rolling chatter, harsh strident calls, loud whistles and screeches.

[edit] Movements

Races elizabeth and nominate race are mostly resident, but race incinctus is a partial migrant to Indonesia and New Guinea.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Fry, C.F., Fry, K. and Harris, A. (1991). Kingfishers, Bee-eaters, and Rollers. Princeton University Press
  3. Gregory, P. (2017) Birds of New Guinea, Including Bismarck Archipelago and Boughainville. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  4. Woodall, P.F. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Forest Kingfisher (Todiramphus macleayii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55762 on 6 November 2019).

[edit] External Links

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