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Common Redshank - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Tringa totanus)
Photo © by A. Meir
Eilat, Israel, December 2005
Tringa totanus

Identification

27cm

  • Brownish upperparts
  • Pale underparts
  • Streaked flanks & breast
  • Whitish eye-ring
  • Short supercilium
  • Long black-tipped red bill, except in Juvenile
  • Red legs

Flight

  • White rump extending up the back, finishing in a 'v' shape
  • White trailing edges to wings

Similar Species

Ruff

Distribution

Widespread throughout Europe, Asia and Africa

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Juvenile (note lack of red on bill base)
Photo © by BrianWH
Carsington Water, Derbyshire, England, July 2015

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • T. t. robusta:
  • T. t. totanus:
  • T. t. ussuriensis:
  • T. t. terrignotae:
  • Southern Manchuria; winters in south-eastern Asia
  • T. t. craggi:
  • North-western China (north-western Xinjiang); winter grounds unknown
  • T. t. eurhina:
  • Pamir Mountains to northern India and Tibet; winters in India

Two additional subspecies, britannica and meinertzhageni are generally considered invalid[2].

Habitat

Photo © by Reels
November 2010

A variety of wetlands.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes invertebrates.

Breeding

The nest is a shallow depression on the ground, concealed near or under vegetation; the male builds the base and the female lines it with twigs and leaves. 3-5 eggs are laid and incubated by both parents for 22-25 days.

Vocalisation

Winter plumage : seen here with similar looking Spotted Redshank (left)
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, February-2014

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References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  4. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
  5. Whatbird

Recommended Citation

External Links


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