- Polioptila plumbea
10-12.7 cm (4-5 in)
- Black crown, neck sides and stripe behind the eye
- Blue-grey upperparts
- Black wings with white edging on the tertials
- Long, thin black tail with narrow white tips and edges
- White face and belly
- Pale grey underparts
Female: similar to the male, but with a dark grey, rather than black, crown.
Young birds have a brown tinge to the upperparts and face, and whiter underparts.
Central and South America:
Central America: found in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil
White-lored Gnatcatcher has previously been included within Tropical Gnatcatcher but the split seems to be widely accepted. Likewise, White-browed Gnatcatcher has recently been split from this species.
This species currently has about seven subspecies.
- P. p. anteocularis: North Colombia (upper Magdalena Valley)
- P. p. maior: Tropical eastern Peru (upper Río Marañón) from Piura to La Libertad
- P. p. plumbiceps: East slope of Andes of northern Colombia to northern Venezuela; Isla Margarita
- P. p. innotata: Extreme eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and extreme northern Brazil
- P. p. plumbea: The Guianas and north-eastern Brazil (Rio Tapajós to northern Maranhão)
- P. p. parvirostris: Western Amazonia, from southern Colombia south to southeastern Peru (Madre de Dios) and east to adjacent Brazil (Acre and western Amazonas)
- P. p. atricapilla: North East Brazil (Maranhão to Piauí, Ceará, Pernambuco and Bahia)
Lowlands and foothills from sea level to about 1500 m. They occupy a wide of habitats from canopy of forests, forest edges, overgrown pastures and plantations etc.
Their main diet consists of small arthropods and spiders.
The nest is a small cup made from vegetable fibres. The clutch consists of 2-3 white eggs with brown spots.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2017)
- The Beauty of Birds
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2022) Tropical Gnatcatcher. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 28 September 2022 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Tropical_Gnatcatcher