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11 cm (4.3 ins). Blue-gray upperparts, green back patch, two white wingbars, yellow underparts, becoming orange on the breast. The male has a black patch from the bill to behind the eye. Females are slightly duller, and lack black on the head. The immature has dull plumage, lacks the wing bars, and has a gray band on the breast.
 Similar Species
Northern Parula is very similar, except it has white eye crescents, and the male does not have the black patch on the face. Hybrids are frequent in Texas, so caution is warranted.
There are 14 subspecies,1 with a wide range of plumage tones.
Formerly placed in genus Parula.
Subtropical hill forests - coniferous and mixed, especially those with abundant spanish moss and near water.
The diet includes insects, spiders and occasionally berries.
They build a domed nest in clumps of epiphytes, especially Spanish moss, in a tree. 2 eggs are laid and are incubated by the female for 12-14 days. Common cowbird host.
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