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Length 20-24 cm (7┬ż-9┬Ż in), weight 46-80 g Adult: Olive-brown upperparts and marked light supercilium. Underparts are paler but with a spotted breast (which are arranged in vertical lines) and chestnut flanks and underwing. Dark brown bill and yellowy-brown legs. Juvenile: Similar, but also streaked above, white tips to tertials.
Relationships unclear; a genetic study rather surprisingly suggested it is not related to other European and Asian thrushes, instead being closer to a group of American thrushes including American Robin.
Breeds in mixed conifer and birch forests. In the wintering grounds, it feeds on berries in trees, and on invertebrates (earthworms, etc.) in moist grassland. It typically forms loose flocks mixed with Fieldfares and Common Starlings, and to a lesser extent with Song and Mistle Thrushes. Vagrants in North America usually associate with flocks of American Robins.
Clement, P. & Hathway, R. (2000) Thrushes. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.
Collar, N., de Juana, E. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Redwing (Turdus iliacus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58254 on 9 September 2018).