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Fork-tailed Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Tyrannus savana)
Photo © by Fabio
Viamao, Brazil, February 2006
Tyrannus savana


Male 37–40·5 cm (14½-16 in), female 28–30 cm (11-11¾ in) includes length of tail

  • Black head
  • Yellow crown stripe (not always visible)
  • Pale grey back
  • White underparts
  • Juvenile has the same coloration, but only a short tail.

Sexes similar.


Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1917

Central America and South America.

Relatively regular vagrant to North America.



Photo © by Charelli
Argentina, November, 2013

There are 4 subspecies[1]

  • T. s. savana:
  • T. s. monachus: has a lighter back than nominate
  • T. s. sanctaemartae:
  • T. s. circumdatus:
  • Lower Amazonian Brazil (west to Manaus area)


Found in a wide variety of habitats; light forests, city parks, riverine, humid forests, open fields near rainforest edge, grassland, Pacific lowlands, highly disturbed dry tropical forest with open pastures for grazing cattle, savannas. Open areas, agricultural field with scattered trees, scrubby farmland

Observed at heights around 20-29 m.



Their diet consists of flying insects during the breeding season with the addition of fruit (berries and palm fruit) at other times.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Arthur Grosset
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2016)
  4. BF Member observations

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