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Vervain Hummingbird

From Opus

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Mellisuga minima
Photo by Juan EstevezPhoto taken: Santiago, Dominican Republic.
Photo by Juan Estevez
Photo taken: Santiago, Dominican Republic.


[edit] Identification

6-7cm. Metallic green upperparts, purple black wings, black tail, white throat and chin speckled black, white breast, belly, and vent, metallic green sides. Female - yellow green above, pure white below.

[edit] Distribution

Cayman Islands, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico.

[edit] Taxonomy

Two subspecies recognized:

  • M. m. minima in Jamaica
  • M. m. vielloti in Hispaniola, Gonâve, Tortue, Saona, Catalina and Île-à-Vache

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests.

[edit] Behaviour

It builds the second smallest nest of all birds, about the size of half a walnut shell (the Bee Hummingbird builds the smallest nest).

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from

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