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Violet-bellied Hummingbird

From Opus

Photo by rb_stern Canopy Tower, Gamboa, Panama
Photo by rb_stern
Canopy Tower, Gamboa, Panama
Juliamyia julie

Contents

[edit] Identification

Male, subspecies panamensisPhoto by Stanley JonesCamp Darién, Darién Province, Panama, February 2018
Male, subspecies panamensis
Photo by Stanley Jones
Camp Darién, Darién Province, Panama, February 2018

8·1–9·2 cm (3¼-3¾ in)
Male

  • Short straight bill
  • Black-tipped pinkish mandible
  • Black maxilla

Female shows light underparts including the throat.

[edit] Variations

Male of subspecies panamensis: green throat, violet underside, green upper that in some lights can shine violet, narrow white ring across lower body where the legs are, can sometimes give the same impression on the upperside. Bill shows lower mandible red except for the 1/5 at the tip, nearly straight.

[edit] Distribution

Juvenile, subspecies felicianaPhoto by mmdnjeBuenaventura, El Oro, Ecuador, December 2009
Juvenile, subspecies feliciana
Photo by mmdnje
Buenaventura, El Oro, Ecuador, December 2009

Central and South America
Central America: occurs only in Panama
South America: Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in genus Damophila.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • J. j. panamensis:
  • Humid forests of central Panama (east to Darién)
  • J. j. julie:
  • J. j. feliciana:
  • Tropical south-western Colombia to western Ecuador and extreme north-western Peru

[edit] Habitat

Lowland evergreen and deciduous forests, forest edges and second growth. Observed at heights around 110 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of nectar from various shrubs. They also eat insects.

[edit] Breeding

They build a cup-shaped nest from plant down.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Mar 2018)
  4. BF member observations

[edit] External Links

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