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Violet-capped Woodnymph

From Opus

Photo © by avaliadordenickAntonina ParanĂ¡, Brazil, July 2018
Photo © by avaliadordenick
Antonina ParanĂ¡, Brazil, July 2018
Thalurania glaucopis

Contents

[edit] Identification

8–11 cm (3-4¼ in)
Male

  • Bright violet cap and bib
  • Brilliant green underparts

Female: green cap and back, sides green flecked with gold, dirty white underparts, pale tip to the tail.

[edit] Distribution

MalePhoto © by Luiz Serrinha do Alambari, Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, February 2007
Male
Photo © by Luiz
Serrinha do Alambari, Resende, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, February 2007

South America: found from south-eastern Brazil to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Moist lowland forests and montanes; forest edges and suburban areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of nectar taken from a variety of flowers at varying heights. In addition, small insects are occasionally taken.

[edit] Breeding

FemalePhoto © by LuizIntervales State Park, Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 2009
Female
Photo © by Luiz
Intervales State Park, Sao Paulo, Brazil, August 2009

"In nuptial displays male makes semicircular flights around perched female while displaying iridescent crown and breast." [3].

They breed from September to February and build a bowl-shaped nest.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  3. Helmut Sick, Birds in Brazil, translated by William Belton, Princeton University Press 1993

[edit] External Links


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