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Wattled Crane

From Opus

Bugeranus carunculatus
Photo © by safarirangerBangweulu Swamps, Zambia, July 2006
Photo © by safariranger
Bangweulu Swamps, Zambia, July 2006


[edit] Identification

Photo © by charelliBotswana, May 2018
Photo © by charelli
Botswana, May 2018

175 cm (69 in)

  • Ash grey back and wings
  • Dark slaty gray crown
  • Rest of head, throat and breast white
  • White feathered wattles
  • Black primaries, secondaries, and tail-coverts
  • Red skin in front of the eye, base of beak and wattle tips
  • Long bill
  • Black legs and toes

Sexes identical (males inclined to be slightly larger)

[edit] Distribution

Patchily distributed north-eastern and southern Africa
Western Africa: DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho

Seems to be rather scarce in most of the area.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Grus vs. Bugeranus

Sibley & Monroe (1996) place the Wattled Crane (carunculatus) in the genus Grus. However, Howard & Moore (2003) and Clements (2007) separate it in the monotypic genus Bugeranus, and the Opus follows in this consensus.

[edit] Habitat

Shallow wetlands, freshwater marshes and adjoining grassland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes tubers, bulbs and corms of aquatic vegetation; insects, seeds, leaves, acorns and grain.

[edit] Breeding

They breed according to the rains and may build more than one nest - up to four. They will use one nest one year and another the next. The clutch has only 1 egg.

Description including photos of courtship is found in a Birdforum thread[3].

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Post in Birdforum thread with description of courtship behavior
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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