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West African Pied Hornbill - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by michha62
Coastal forest, Gambia, 26 February 2007
Lophoceros semifasciatus


  • Mostly black
  • Belly white
  • Tail has white tips on outer feathers in male only.
  • Bill has black tip, which extends along the cutting edge and the cask of the otherwise pale bill

Immature birds are duller, have a smaller bill, and no casque.


Africa: Senegambia to just east of Niger River


Congo Pied Hornbill and West African Pied Hornbill were formerly one species with the name of African Pied Hornbill.


This is a monotypic species[1].

Photo © by whiteheadedvulture
Manso Nkwanta-Ashanti, Ghana, 5 August 2022


Forests, second growth, riverine forest, and gardens; does require presence of large trees.


Food consists of fruit, insects, and smaller numbers of other small animals.


A series of whistles that lasts 5-8 seconds and contains 20-30 notes. These increase both in pitch and amplitude during the series.


  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F, D Donsker, and P Rasmussen (Eds). 2023. IOC World Bird List (v 13.2). Doi 10.14344/IOC.ML.13.2. http://www.worldbirdnames.org/

Kirwan, G. M., A. C. Kemp, and P. F. D. Boesman (2023). West African Pied Hornbill (Lophoceros semifasciatus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (B. K. Keeney and N. D. Sly, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.afphor2.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.1