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Western Black-headed Oriole - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by MarcellC
Kibale Forest, Western Uganda, August 2010

Alternative name: Western Oriole

Oriolus brachyrynchus

Identification

21 cm (8¼ in)

  • Glossy black head, neck and upper breast
  • Yellow hindneck and underparts
  • Greenish-yellow upperparts
  • Blackish primaries
  • Red iris
  • Reddish-brown bill

Distribution

Africa:
Western Africa: found in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya and Uganda

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • O. b. brachyrynchus:
  • O. b. laetior:

Habitat

Primary and mature secondary forests, forest edges and clearings. Gallery forests and savanna woodland.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists mostly of invertebrates, particularly caterpillars, as well as spiders, beetles. They also eat seeds and soft fruit.

Breeding

They weave a deep open cup nest from vegetable matter, with lichen and moss on the outside. It is suspended from a horizontal forked branch. The clutch contains 2 eggs, which are incubated by the female. The male feeds her on the nest.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Walther, B. and P. Jones (2020). Western Black-headed Oriole (Oriolus brachyrynchus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.wbhori1.01

Recommended Citation

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