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Western Citril - BirdForum Opus

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Photo by MarcellC
Ruhengeri, Rwanda, March 2009
Crithagra frontalis

Serinus frontalis



An arc from western Kenya through southern Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, extreme eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, extreme western Tanzania, and extreme north-eastern Zambia.


This is a monotypic species.
Placed in genus Serinus by Clements.
Some authorities1 treat the East African Citril and Western Citril as subspecies of the African Citril.


Moist woodland, forest edge and adjacent grassland, gardens.



  1. Dickinson EC (ed.) 2003. The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, USA. ISBN 9780691117010
  2. Sinclair I, Hockey P & Tarboton W. 1997. SASOL Birds of Southern Africa. 2nd Edition. Struik Publishers. ISBN 1868721035

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