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Western Tanager

From Opus

Adult malePhoto © by Joseph V. HigbeeSpanaway, Washington, USA, 5 May 2005
Adult male
Photo © by Joseph V. Higbee
Spanaway, Washington, USA, 5 May 2005
Piranga ludoviciana

Contents

[edit] Identification

17 cm (6.½ in)
Both sexes have a pointed, but fairly stout, pale bill
Breeding Male

  • Bright red face
  • Yellow neck, underparts, shoulder and rump
  • Black back, wings, tail
  • White lower wing bar, white to yellow upper wing bar
Nonbreeding plumagePhoto © by ducbuclnKelseyville, California, 30 October 2012
Nonbreeding plumage
Photo © by ducbucln
Kelseyville, California, 30 October 2012

Adult Female:

  • Yellow head and underparts
  • Olive-grey back
  • Grey wings with white lower and white or yellowish upper wing bar
  • Underparts color variable yellow to whitish

Non-breeding and Immature: Similar to adult female

[edit] Distribution

Breeds from Alaska southward to just north of Mexico and eastward to Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico; winters in the Central America; rare vagrant to the east coast of North America north to the maritime provinces of Canada.

[edit] Taxonomy

This species is monotypic.[1]

[edit] Habitat

Open coniferous forests of douglas fir, spruce, and pine, mixed woodlands with aspen trees, oak-pinyon woodlands of higher mountains. Also found in lowlands during migration.

[edit] Behaviour

ImmaturePhoto © by MarkVanWykVernon, British Columbia, 24 August 2012
Immature
Photo © by MarkVanWyk
Vernon, British Columbia, 24 August 2012

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects (mostly wasps) and ants, with the addition of fruit, and some buds.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song is similar to American Robin in its short, fluty phrases rendered with a pause between phrases.
Call is A dry pit-r-ic

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hilty, S. (2018). Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61828 on 25 October 2018).
  3. Hudon, J. (1990). Unusual carotenoid use by the Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana) and its evolutionary implications. Can. J. Zool. no. 69:2311-2320.
  4. Hudon, J. (1999). Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.432
  5. BirdForum Member observations

[edit] External Links


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