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17 cm (6.Â½ in)
Non-breeding and Immature: Similar to adult female
Breeds from Alaska southward to just north of Mexico and eastward to Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico; winters in the Central America; rare vagrant to the east coast of North America north to the maritime provinces of Canada.
Open coniferous forests of douglas fir, spruce, and pine, mixed woodlands with aspen trees, oak-pinyon woodlands of higher mountains. Also found in lowlands during migration.
Their diet consists almost entirely of insects (mostly wasps) and ants, with the addition of fruit, and some buds.
Song is similar to American Robin in its short, fluty phrases rendered with a pause between phrases.
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