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White-bearded Manakin

From Opus

Male on left, female on right, subspecies trinitatisPhoto by Steve GTrinidad, May 2006
Male on left, female on right, subspecies trinitatis
Photo by Steve G
Trinidad, May 2006
Manacus manacus


[edit] Identification

10–11 cm (4-4¼ in).

  • Black crown, upper back, wings and tail
  • White underparts
  • Greyish flanks and rump

Female and young males are olive-green.
Legs are bright orange to red in both males and females.

[edit] Similar species

Females are very difficult to separate from females of other Manacus Manakins.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found from Colombia, Venezuela and Trinidad east through the Guianas and south to Bolivia and northern Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

15 subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • M.m. abditivus: Santa Marta, lower Cauca and middle Magdalena valleys
  • M.m. flaveolus: North Colombia (tropical upper Magdalena Valley)
  • M.m. bangsi: Tropical south-western Colombia and extreme north-western Ecuador
  • M.m. interior: Colombia (east of the Andes) to eastern Ecuador, northern Peru and north-western Brazil
  • M.m. trinitatis: Trinidad
  • M.m. umbrosus: Tropical southern Venezuela (Amazonas)
  • M.m. manacus: South Venezuela to the Guianas and northern Brazil
  • M.m. leucochlamys: Tropical north-western Ecuador (Esmeraldas, Manabí and Guayas)
  • M.m. maximus: Tropical south-western Ecuador (El Oro and western Loja)
  • M.m. expectatus: Tropical north-eastern Peru (Loreto) and adjacent western Brazil
  • M.m. longibarbatus: Lower Amazonian Brazil (River Xingú to River Tocantins)
  • M.m. purissimus: East Brazil (River Tocantins to south-eastern Pará and northern Maranhão)
  • M.m. gutturosus: South East Brazil (Alagoas) to eastern Paraguay and north-eastern Argentina
  • M.m. purus: North Brazil (River Madeira to River Tapajós and south-western Pará)
  • M.m. subpurus: South-central Brazil (south-eastern Amazona, eastern Rondônia and north-western Mato Grosso)

[edit] Habitat

Lowland forests and especially second growth, often at borders to roads and other human influenced areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Males display in leks low over the rainforest floor. The bird jumps from ground onto a vertical branch and down again, at the same time making explosive snapping sounds.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of small fruit and insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)

[edit] External Links


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