Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
White-crowned Penduline Tit
Alternative names: Crowned Penduline Tit; Black-headed Penduline Tit (see Remiz macronyx for disambiguation)
10-11cm. A clearly patterned Penduline Tit.
Females have a more diffuse mask and very little chestnut on upper mantle.
Found in central Asia where it breeds in northern Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, southern Russia, Mongolia and northwest and northern China.
Forms a superspecies with Eurasian Penduline Tit, Black-headed Penduline Tit and Chinese Penduline Tit. All four sometimes considered one species and present species sometimes considered conspecific with Chinese Penduline Tit.
Two subspecies recognized:
Stands of willows and poplars along lowland rivers and floodplain meadows. Locally also on bushy hillsides, in gardens and orchards, in turanga trees (in Kyzylkum Desert) and in saxaul scrub. In winter in a variety of habitats like open forest, tamarisks or reedbeds.
Feeds mainly on insects and their larvae. Takes also small spiders and seeds (especially in winter).
Breeding season from late May to June. Probably a monogamous species. The nest is an elongated globular pouch with a entrance tube at the side. It's suspended from a willow or a poplar c. 6-8m above the ground. Lays 3-9 eggs.
A strongly migratory species. Arrives in breeding grounds in late May, departs in September and October.
 External Links