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White-eared Hummingbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by gatafrancesca
Chiapas, Mexico, October 2006
Basilinna leucotis

Hylocharis leucotis


Juvenile, subspecies borealis
Photo © by Brian Hubbs
Cochise Co, Arizona, 20 July 2020

9-10 cm (3½-4 in)
Black-tipped red bill

  • Green upper and underparts
  • Purple crown
  • Metallic blue-green chin
  • Long white stripe behind its eye


  • Green upperparts
  • Whitish underparts with greenish spots
  • Broad black stripe behind eye


Photo © by UncleGus_24
Madera Canyon, Arizona, 1 August 2009

North and Central America: found in the highlands of south-western USA to Nicaragua.


This is a polytypic species[1] consisting of 3 subspecies.


  • B. l. borealis:
  • B. l. leucotis:
  • B. l. pygmaea:


Pine-oak woodland and conifer forests in mountains, 4500-10,000 ft. In the U.S. it is rarely seen below oak belt of the mountains.



Their main diet consists of nectar from a variety of plants. They also eat small flying insects. Readily visits garden feeders.


They construct a cup nest from plant down, using lichen to decorate it. It is placed between 1-6 metres above the ground. They may sometimes build on top of an old nest. The clutch contains 2 plain white eggs which are tended by the female alone. They hatch after about 2 weeks, fledging between 23-28 days.

They occasionally try to raise a second brood.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson EC (ed.) 2003. The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, USA. ISBN 9780691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. hummingbird-picturesGuide
  5. Arizmendi, M. d. C., C. I. Rodríguez-Flores, C. A. Soberanes-González, and T. S. Schulenberg (2020). White-eared Hummingbird (Hylocharis leucotis), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.whehum.01
  6. BirdForum Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.