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Woolly-necked Stork - BirdForum Opus

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C. e. episcopus, breeding plumage
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, June 2017
Ciconia episcopus

Identification

C. e. microscelis
Photo © by Ronald B. Davis
Dila, Ethiopia; January 2015

86–95 cm (33¾-37½ in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • Woolly white neck
  • White lower belly
  • Glossed dark green underparts
  • Purple breast and belly

Juvenile birds are duller versions.

Distribution

Africa, Asia, India to Indonesia.

Taxonomy

C. e. episcopus, a displaying pair
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, December 2010

Subspecies

Ciconia episcopus has three subspecies:[1]

  • C. e. microscelis
  • Tropical Africa. Bill greyish-red; black crown less extensive, and with diffuse edge to white feathering.
  • C. e. episcopus
  • India to Indochina, northern Malay Peninsula and Philippines. Bill greyish-red; black crown more extensive, and with sharp edge to white feathering.
  • C. e. neglecta
  • Java and Wallacea. Bill largely red, with grey at base only; black crown more extensive, and with sharp edge to white feathering.

Habitat

Wetlands with trees.

Behaviour

Usually solitary or in pairs. The diet includes frogs, lizards and large insects.

Vocalisation

A harsh croak (seldom heard).

Breeding

Pair in flight
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Jhajjar, Haryana, India, September-2018

It builds a large stick nest in trees, and 2-5 eggs are laid.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154

Recommended Citation

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