Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
More discoveries. NEW: Zeiss Victory SF 32

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

White-throated Needletail

From Opus

Photo © by Mat & CathyWoolgoolga, New South Wales, Australia, December 2009
Photo © by Mat & Cathy
Woolgoolga, New South Wales, Australia, December 2009

Alternative names: Needle-tailed Swift or Spine-tailed Swift

Hirundapus caudacutus


[edit] Identification

19–20 cm (7½-7¾ in.

  • Black overall plumage
  • White throat
  • White undertail, extending on to the flanks
  • Paler brown back
  • Spiny end to the tail
  • Long curved wings

[edit] Distribution

Central Asia and southern Siberia, wintering south to Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by Hans&Judy BesteTaromeo, S.E. Queensland, Australia, February 2019
Photo © by Hans&Judy Beste
Taromeo, S.E. Queensland, Australia, February 2019

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • H.c. caudacutus:
  • H.c. nudipes:

[edit] Habitat

Wooded lowlands and hills with little vegetation. In the Himalayas they occur at around 1250–4000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Photo © by Mat & CathyBrisbane, Queensland, Australia, January 2009
Photo © by Mat & Cathy
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, January 2009

They build their platform stick nests in rock crevices in cliffs or hollow trees.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects which are caught in the air.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2019)

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.22826409 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 02:14.