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White-throated Needletail

From Opus

Photo © by Mat & CathyWoolgoolga, New South Wales, Australia, December 2009
Photo © by Mat & Cathy
Woolgoolga, New South Wales, Australia, December 2009

Alternative names: Needle-tailed Swift or Spine-tailed Swift

Hirundapus caudacutus

Contents

[edit] Identification

19–20 cm (7½-7¾ in.

  • Black overall plumage
  • White throat
  • White undertail, extending on to the flanks
  • Paler brown back
  • Spiny end to the tail
  • Long curved wings

[edit] Distribution

Central Asia and southern Siberia, wintering south to Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Photo © by Hans&Judy BesteTaromeo, S.E. Queensland, Australia, February 2019
Photo © by Hans&Judy Beste
Taromeo, S.E. Queensland, Australia, February 2019

[edit] Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • H.c. caudacutus:
  • H.c. nudipes:


[edit] Habitat

Wooded lowlands and hills with little vegetation. In the Himalayas they occur at around 1250–4000 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Photo © by Mat & CathyBrisbane, Queensland, Australia, January 2009
Photo © by Mat & Cathy
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, January 2009

They build their platform stick nests in rock crevices in cliffs or hollow trees.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of insects which are caught in the air.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2019)

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links

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