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White-throated Treecreeper

From Opus

Alternative name: Little Treecreeper (minor)

Subspecies leucophaeaPhoto by Peter Merritt Chiltern Forest, Victoria, 2013
Subspecies leucophaea
Photo by Peter Merritt
Chiltern Forest, Victoria, 2013
Cormobates leucophaea

Cormobates leucophaeus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies metastasisPhoto © by Hans&Judy BesteToowoomba Shire, Queensland, August 2018
Female, subspecies metastasis
Photo © by Hans&Judy Beste
Toowoomba Shire, Queensland, August 2018

14-16.5cm (5½-6½ in)

  • Dark brown upperparts
  • White throat and chest
  • White streaks on flanks edged with black
  • Contrasting grey rump and tail, tail with black subterminal band
  • Broad rufous-buff bar on wings, visible in flight
  • Barred undertail

Females have an orange mark on the sides of the face.
Juveniles have blackish-edged dull white shaft streaks on scapulars, fine grey scaling on upper breast and a strong cinnamon-brown wash on undertail-coverts and sometimes abdomen.

[edit] Distribution

South-eastern and southern mainland Australia.
Common in most of its range.

[edit] Taxonomy

Juvenile, subspecies metastasisPhoto by Hans&Judy BesteYarraman State Forest, Queensland, March 2018
Juvenile, subspecies metastasis
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Yarraman State Forest, Queensland, March 2018

Formerly considered conspecific with Papuan Treecreeper.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies leucophaeaPhoto © by fthsmSydney, New South Wales, February 2008
Subspecies leucophaea
Photo © by fthsm
Sydney, New South Wales, February 2008

Five subspecies recognized[1]:

  • C. l. minor:
  • Northeast Queensland (uplands of Cooktown, Atherton and Paluma)
  • C. l. intermedia:
  • C. l. metastasis:
  • C. l. leucophaea:
  • C. l. grisescens:

[edit] Habitat

Rainforests, woodlands and timbered river areas.
Occurs also in selectively logged areas and in small isolated forest remnants but absent or rare in clear-felled or heavily cattle-grazed areas.
In lowlands and lower highlands, minor at 300 to 1200m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on insects, mainly ants. Takes also spiders and sometimes sap from eucalypts or acacias and rarely nectar.
Forages by gleaning and probing on bark of trees and shrubs, as well as logs. Rarely on ground.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from August to January, normally single-brooded. A monogamous species.
The nest is a cup-shaped structure made of bark fibres, grass and moss. It's placed in a tree hollow or a crack in side of a limb or in the end of a broken limb. Breeds sometimes in nest boxes. Lays 2 to 3 eggs.

[edit] Movements

A sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422

[edit] External Links

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