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Willow Flycatcher

From Opus

Empidonax traillii
Photo by MuskratPhoto taken: Northeastern Pennsylvania, USA
Photo by Muskrat
Photo taken: Northeastern Pennsylvania, USA


[edit] Identification

One of the largest of the Empidonax flycatchers at 15cm in length. Distiguishable from many flycatchers by lack of an eye ring.

[edit] Similar Speices

Usually indistinguishable from Alder Flycatcher except by voice. Flatish forehead, peak on rear of head.

[edit] Distribution

U.S. except for southeast Mexico.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies1

  • E. t. adastus - Breeds from Great Basin and central Rocky Mts. south to Utah and Colorado
  • E. t. brewsteri - Pacific northwest (s British Columbia) to Sierra Nevada
  • E. t. extimus - Breeds from s California e to New Mexico
  • E. t. traillii - Breeds from Great Plains to ne US and se Canada; winters to nw S America

[edit] Habitat

Low brushy areas often near water.

[edit] Behaviour

They make a cup nest in a vertical fork in a shrub.

The diet includes insects and berries.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, James F. 2007. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2007. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019

[edit] External Links


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