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Wilson's Snipe

From Opus

Photo by Marcel GauthierQuebec, Canada, April 2005
Photo by Marcel Gauthier
Quebec, Canada, April 2005
Gallinago delicata


[edit] Identification

Short, stocky wading bird, 26-28cm (10ΒΌ-11 in) . in length, with wingspan of 43-51cm.
Overall similar to other shorebirds, with long legs and rounded body. Long straight bill, brown and white plumage with strong longitudinal stripes on head; dark spotted back and breast, and buff to white underbelly Black eyes are set back on head. Greenish legs and (large) feet.

[edit] Similar Species

It is almost identical in appearance to Common Snipe but has narrower white edge on the wings, and differs in having eight pairs of tail feathers instead of seven.[1]

[edit] Distribution

Breeds from Aleutian Islands and Alaska to southern U.S.; winters from U.S. to northern South America.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Formerly lumped within Common Snipe (gallinago) of the Old World.

[edit] Habitat

Freshwater marshes and swamps, and in open country near lakes, rivers, and ponds.

[edit] Behaviour

Usually solitary in open ground near water. Secretive; moves slowly and methodically remaining concealed with its camouflage coloration; difficult to spot until it flies.

[edit] Diet

Probes in mud for insects, larvae, and worms.

[edit] Flight

Flight pattern is diagnostic; zig zags about, frequently climbing steeply, then dropping steeply to land after a short flight. Bill often held downward during flight to give unique appearance. Sometimes rests on fence posts and telephone poles.

[edit] Breeding

Nests on the the ground in well-concealed nests.

[edit] Referenes

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from

[edit] External Links

  1. A thread discussing the differences between Common and Wilson's Snipe is here


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