[ edit] Identification
Photo © by
CĂˇdiz, Spain 29 July 2018]
18â€“19 cm (7-Â˝ in)
Broad patch round the eye
Chestnut-red cowl on rear crown and upper mantle
Oval shoulder patches
Female and Juvenile - dull brown upperparts and buff underparts, both of which are vermiculated.
[ edit] Distribution
Breeds in southern Europe, the Middle East and northwest Africa. Winters in Africa.
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, France, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Gran Canaria, Gibraltar, Andorra, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, Italy, Estonia, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Rhodes, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
Asia: Russia, Afghanistan
[ edit] Taxonomy
[ edit] Subspecies
There are 3 subspecies
L. s. badius: (Balearic Woodchat Shrike)
Western Mediterranean islands; winters to central Africa
Lanius senator niloticus is not recognised by some authorities
[ edit] Habitat
Open country with scattered trees and bushes; olive groves and orchards.
[ edit] Behaviour
Has a habit of perching on prominent branches and posts.
[ edit] Breeding
Nests in trees
The diet consists of larger insects, such as beetles, damsel flies, dragonflies, grasshoppers, wasps and bees, which are impaled on thorns.
[ edit] Vocalisation
A harsh chattering
Listen in an external program
[ edit] References
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2017)
[ edit] E xternal Links