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Yellow-breasted Apalis

From Opus

Photo by GordonH Ingwelala, Kruger National Park, South Africa, April 2006
Photo by GordonH
Ingwelala, Kruger National Park, South Africa, April 2006
Apalis flavida

Includes Brown-tailed Apalis

Contents

[edit] Identification

10ยท5โ€“13 cm (4-5 in)

  • Olive-green upperparts
  • White throat and belly
  • Broad yellow breast band (males with a central black breast marking in some populations)
  • Grey crown and sides of face
Subspecies neglectaPhoto by volker sthamerNgorongoro, Tanzania, November 2004
Subspecies neglecta
Photo by volker sthamer
Ngorongoro, Tanzania, November 2004
  • Long, graduated tail
  • Short and rounded wings
  • Reddish eyes

[edit] Distribution

Sub Saharan Africa:
Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Apalis flavida has up to 14 subspecies; 9 are recognised by Clements[1]:

  • A. f. caniceps
  • A. f. flavocincta
  • A. f. viridiceps
  • Northern Somalia, adjacent Ethiopia and northern Kenya
  • Has been recognised as a separate species Brown-tailed Apalis[3]
  • Green crown, greenish breast and brownish tail
  • A. f. abyssinica
  • A. f. pugnax
  • Highlands of southern Kenya
  • A. f. golzi
  • A. f. flavida
  • A. f. neglecta
  • A. f. florisuga

[edit] Habitat

They are found in virtually every type of woodland; forests, riparian woodland mangroves and well-wooded savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

They move around in pairs, small groups or as part of mixed-species feeding parties.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists mostly of insects and their larvae, spiders, beetles and weevils, which are gleaned from leaves and twigs.

[edit] Breeding

They build a hanging, domed bag nest with side-top entrance. It is made of lichen bound with spider silk. The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which are incubated 12โ€“14 days by the female; the young are fed by both sexes, and fledge after 15โ€“16 days.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  3. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  4. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  5. Avibase
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2015)
  7. The Website of Everything
  8. BF member observations

[edit] External Links

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