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Yellow-breasted Apalis - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Peterday
Umkhumbi Lodge, South Africa, January, 2019
Apalis flavida

Includes Brown-tailed Apalis


10·5–13 cm (4-5 in)

  • Olive-green upperparts
  • White throat and belly
  • Broad yellow breast band (males with a central black breast marking in some populations)
  • Grey crown and sides of face
Subspecies neglecta
Photo © by volker sthamer
Ngorongoro, Tanzania, November 2004
  • Long, graduated tail
  • Short and rounded wings
  • Reddish eyes


Sub Saharan Africa:
Eastern Africa: Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, eSwatini



Apalis flavida has up to 14 subspecies; 9 are recognised by Clements[1]:

  • A. f. caniceps
  • A. f. flavocincta
  • A. f. viridiceps
  • Northern Somalia, adjacent Ethiopia and northern Kenya
  • Has been recognised as a separate species Brown-tailed Apalis[3]
  • Green crown, greenish breast and brownish tail
  • A. f. abyssinica
  • A. f. pugnax
  • Highlands of southern Kenya
  • A. f. golzi
  • A. f. flavida
  • A. f. neglecta
  • A. f. florisuga


They are found in virtually every type of woodland; forests, riparian woodland mangroves and well-wooded savanna.


They move around in pairs, small groups or as part of mixed-species feeding parties.


Their diet consists mostly of insects and their larvae, spiders, beetles and weevils, which are gleaned from leaves and twigs.


They construct a hanging, domed bag nest with side-top entrance. It is made of lichen bound with spider silk. The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which are incubated for 12–14 days by the female; the young are fed by both sexes, and fledge after 15–16 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  3. Sibley, CG and BL Monroe. 1996. Birds of the World, on diskette, Windows version 2.0. Charles G. Sibley, Santa Rosa, CA, USA.
  4. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  5. Avibase
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2015)
  7. The Website of Everything
  8. BF member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.